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The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
additional restrictions are claimed. Please redistribute this changed
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Free On-line Dictionary of Computing
FOLDOC is a searchable dictionary of acronyms, jargon,
programming languages, tools, architecture, operating systems,
networking, theory, conventions, standards, mathematics,
telecoms, electronics, institutions, companies, projects,
products, history, in fact anything to do with computing.
Copyright 1993 by Denis Howe
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation
License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the
Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, Front-
or Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the
section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
Please refer to the dictionary as "The Free On-line Dictionary
of Computing, http://www.foldoc.org/, Editor Denis Howe" or
The dictionary has been growing since 1985 and now contains
over 13000 definitions totalling nearly five megabytes of
text. Entries are cross-referenced to each other and to
related resources elsewhere on the net.
Where LaTeX commands for certain non-ASCII symbols are
mentioned, they are described in their own entries. "\" is
also used to represent the Greek lower-case lambda used in
lambda-calculus. Cross-references to other entries look
like this. Note that not all cross-references actually lead
anywhere yet, but if you find one that leads to something
inappropriate, please let me know. Dates after entries
indicate when that entry was last updated. They do not imply
that it was up-to-date at that time.
You can search the latest version of the dictionary by WWW
(URL http://www.foldoc.org/). If you find an entry that
is wrong or inadequate please let me know.
See Pronunciation for how to interpret the pronunciation
given for some entries.
Many thanks to the hundreds of contributors
(contributors.html), and especially to the Guest Editors
(editors.html), mirror site maintainers and the maintainers
of the following resources from which some entries originate:
Mike Sendall's STING Software engineering glossary
Bill Kinnersley's Language List
(http://cuiwww.unige.ch/langlist) v2.2, 1994-01-15,
Mark Hopkins' catalogue of Free Compilers and Interpreters
The on-line hacker Jargon File v3.0.0, 1993-07-27,
Internet Users' Glossary (RFC 1392, FYI 18), Jan 1993.
John Cross's computer glossary, 1994-11-01.
John Bayko's Great Microprocessors of the Past and Present,
Electronic Commerce Dictionary.